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Understanding Primary Polypseudophakia.

Primary polypseudophakia is a relatively recent concept in ophthalmology. Optically, polypseudophakia would be considered a special intraocular lens consisting of two rotationally symmetric elements. The first report of the placement of two intraocular lens implants back-to-back (piggyback) in a highly hyperopic eye was by Jim Gills, MD in 1993.

With dramatic advances in foldable lens technology allowing for small, self-sealing incisions, this procedure originally gained a qualified general acceptance. However, the previous practice of stacking two acrylic lenses in the capsular bag has since been abandoned due to occasional problems with interlenticular opacification and reduced visual acuity.

When the calculated IOL power exceeds that available, and placement of a single IOL would result in an unacceptable refractive outcome, it is often worthwhile for the surgeon to place two IOLs in the eye at the same operative session. This is typically seen in patients with axial lengths less than 20.00 mm, and often with a hyperopic spherical equivalent of +8.00, or greater.

alcon sa60at intraocular lens implnat

With current technology, the preferred approach is to place two IOLs of different materials in different locations (e.g., a lower power, thin, biconvex silicone lens in the ciliary sulcus and a higher power negative shape factor acrylic lens in the capsular bag).

This is commonly referred to as primary polypseudophakia. With the recent introduction of very high power, foldable, aspheric, hydrophobic acrylic IOLs available in powers up to +40.00 D (SA60AT - Alcon Laboratories, Ft. Worth, Texas), the need for primary polypseudophakia should become less frequent.

Secondary polypseudophakia would be something like a piggyback IOL to correct a refractive surprise months or years after the original surgery.

Follow this link for an example on how to do IOL Power Calculations for Polypseudophakia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Intraocular Lens Power Calculations


East Valley Ophthalmology
5620 East Broadway Road
Mesa, Arizona 85206

Tel: +1-480-981-6111
FAX: +1-480-985-2426

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